Globally Networked Customs (GNC) is a structure in the World Customs Organisation (WCO) which allows the exchange of information between WCO members to be rationalised, harmonised and standardised. Due to closer cooperation between the customs administrations on the one hand, the work involved and costs not just for customs but for the economy as well should be reduced, but on the other hand, quality should be improved.
Thanks to this structure, standardised data such as AEO or security data can be exchanged. Due to standardised data exchanges, more information is available for example in the case of assessment procedures or risk analyses to the individual customs administrations than would be the case if they were working independently of each other.
In November 2011, Switzerland (the Federal Customs Administration and the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs) took part for the first time in the by then ninth meeting of the ad hoc working group. For the exchange of data, modular international standards, so-called utility blocks (UB), will be drawn up. The WCO approved the corresponding feasibility study at the end of June 2012. The UBs will be developed between the countries or communities of states involved at the time. The WCO will take care of coordination in this regard.
Switzerland is currently involved with the EU in drawing up two UBs (exchange of AEO identities and exchange of security data in accordance with the obligation under the Agreement on goods controls and customs security between Switzerland - EU). To this end, the FCA project "GNC" has been started. Within the scope of this, the GNC idea/architecture will be pursued at the national level. The objective is to have a technical infrastructure that can be used for a broad spectrum (exchange of data with other federal agencies, cantons, etc.) ready by 2014.