Every year in Switzerland, the cantons receive a share of the net profit from the taxation of spirits, i.e. the so-called alcohol tenth (10% of the profit goes to the cantons; 90% goes to the federal coffers). In 2016, CHF 24,762,942 went to the cantons in relation to their populations.
The cantons are obliged to use their share of the alcohol tenth to combat the causes and effects of alcoholism, as well as the abuse of addictive substances, narcotics and medications. After the money has been distributed to the umbrella organisations, these report to the Alcohol and Tobacco Division (A AT) about the use of the alcohol tenth.
These reports can be found on the corresponding page by clicking on the desired canton on the map of Switzerland.
Use by addiction type
The use of the alcohol tenth by addiction type has remained very stable over the years. Although the alcohol tenth is reserved not only for preventing and addressing the problems arising from alcohol dependency, efforts to prevent alcohol abuse continue to benefit the most from the alcohol tenth with shares that are generally around 40%. In terms of figures, it was just under CHF 10.5 million in 2016. Generally, almost all cantons use some of the alcohol tenth for alcohol issues.
A third (32%) of the cantonal expenditure was for various substances in 2016 (2015: 30%).
In general, around 10% of the money goes to combating the causes and effects of the consumption of illegal substances, and around 7% goes to tobacco control. These percentages have not changed over the past five years
Use by action field
The cantons usually invest over 90% of the alcohol tenth in prevention, early detection and treatment. The shares that go to follow-up care, research, training and continuing professional development are generally around 10% (2016: 9%).
In the areas of prevention, follow-up care and research, the cantons have always invested more or less the same amounts in recent years. In contrast, 32% went to the area of addiction treatment in 2015 and only 22% in 2016, as early detection received 16% in 2016, versus 6% in 2015. The distribution of funds depends largely on the cantons' strategies at the time.
In 2016, the cantons' expenditure exceeded the receipts they received from the alcohol tenth. The balance of around CHF 918,000 was financed with the compensation fund (previous years' reserves) or other receipts from the cantonal budget.