Basic training in the first year consists of theory modules and practical experience at the border.
The theory modules are taught by Border Guard instructors. Practical training (decision-making skills) takes place at field offices. It is conducted by Border Guard training coaches with practical experience.
Basic training focuses on the following areas:
- Border guard service
- Customs service
- Document verification
- Security and intervention techniques
- Psychosocial skills
Trainees who successfully complete all modules and specialised examinations in the first year and meet the graduation requirements are admitted to take the examination to become a «Border Guard with a Federal PET Diploma». This is conducted in the form of a professional examination.